Perspective is a key element of any picture. When it started, the use of perspective revolutionized depicting three-dimensional landscapes, and it’s still important today, when taking pictures. By mastering perspective, we can add depth to our pictures, but to achieve this, we must first determine the horizon, an imaginary line that allows us to manage sizes.
This horizon line may even be located outside of the picture, but it is important that it is there. The closer to the center of the picture it is, the higher the sense of depth of the picture will be. If the horizon line is completely centered, then we won’t have this depth and the picture will look two-dimensional. The perspective can be adjusted to produce the effect you ‘re looking for.
Imagine a road. The road will be practically everything we see just a few steps beyond us, but the “size” of the road decreases as it advances towards the horizon, finally becoming a tiny dot in the distance. That’s how perspective works.
The use of perspective is essential, for example, when taking pictures of landscapes. When photographing a landscape, the best results will be achieved by a higher f value to create the largest possible depth in the picture and have a great perspective. By playing with different aspects of perspective, you can obtain excellent results. If, however, you are taking a picture of a large object, you’ll need more depth. The best way is to distance the object and the camera. If the object is too small, like macro photography, it’s important to adjust perspective accordingly.
Experiment with different options to find the depth you need. Different settings work for different situations, there isn’t a method that works for everything. Once you understand the importance of perspective, you can take better, more professional-looking pictures.
You must also consider the five different angles of a picture:
1. Normal angle: The camera is directly facing the object or person you’re taking a picture of, or facing the landscape. It’s like drawing an imaginary straight line between the picture and the camera.
2. Upper Angle: This is done by placing the camera slightly above the object or person you’re taking a picture of, and above the horizon line when taking pictures of landscapes. It is generally used when photographing small objects.
3. Zenith angle: The camera is placed right above the person or object. It is commonly used to take pictures from a rooftop, for example.
4. Low angle: Use thin angle by placing camera below the horizon line, or below the person’s eyes. This is often used in portraits of important personalities and celebrities, and it makes them look imposing.
5. Nadir angle: It is used mostly in architectural photography and it is the opposite of the zenith angle. It is done by placing the camera below the person or object, or way below the horizon line when taking pictures of landscapes.
With these five basic angles, you can start experimenting with different forms of perspective. Your imagination is the limit.